Carol Bruns


Shadow. That part of the personality which is unknown, whether positive or negative.

Medicine. That which heals.

Catharsis. From the Greek katharsis meaning purification, cleansing, emptying oneself of emotions through certain kinds of art and music, thereby restoring the individual to optimal clarity and poise.

Fetish. Where the ultimate desire is transplanted onto a substitute which is treated as the real thing, engaging a cycle of frustration and repetition.

Archetype. The archaic images that belong to all humanity, made manifest for individuals in dreams and fantasies and, at a collective level in myths, fairytales, and works of art. Examples include the sun, moon, water, the underworld, garden, tree, egg, fire, circle. Situations include the journey, the fall, the ritual, death/rebirth. Characters include the underdog, villain, sage, trickster, serpent, outcast, hero. For Hillman, it is that they are the embracing backgrounds within which our personal sufferings can find support and be cared for.

World View. Unnoticed mental structures that interpret the world without conscious thought or critique.

The Collective Unconscious. Is populated, according to Carl Jung's depth psychology, by instincts and archetypes shared across time and culture.

Shamanism. A 30,000 year old practice of trance to access the hidden world of spirits for information and healing. A purposeful integration of the intellectual, emotional, and spiritual capacities.

Utopia. Envisions a future that improves on the present.

Materialism. The philosophy that claims that nothing exists except concrete matter with its movements and changes.

Altered States of Consciousness. An extension of everyday awareness into a spectrum of the human nervous system capacity by means of drugs or non-drug techniques, giving access to the meaning of dreams and a relationship to the dead, nature, and spirits.

Primitivism. A broad movement in modern art to access states of consciousness known in pre-industrial and indigenous cultures that have been banished since the Enlightenment, as a basis of the artworks.